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Percentage of patients aged 12 years and older screened for depression on the date of the encounter or 14 days prior to the date of the encounter using an age appropriate standardized depression screening tool AND if positive, a follow-up plan is documented on the date of the eligible encounter.
Patients aged ≥ 12 years on date of encounter. This information can be entered in DrChrono in the patient chart under the Demographics tab with the Patient Date of Birth.
- A relevant CPT or HCPCS code. See your Healthmonix MIPSpro account or the CMS website for a full list.
Documentation stating the patient has an active diagnosis of depression or has a diagnosed bipolar disorder, therefore screening or follow-up not required: G9717.
Patients whoPatients screened for depression on the date of the encounter or up to 14 days prior to the date of the encounter using an age appropriate standardized tool AND, if positive, a follow-up plan is documented on the date of the eligible encounter.
A depression screen is completed on the date of the encounter or up to 14 days prior to the date of the encounter using an age appropriate standardized depression screening tool AND if positive, either additional evaluation for depression, suicide risk assessment, referral to a practitioner who is qualified to diagnose and treat depression, pharmacological interventions, or other interventions or follow-up for the diagnosis or treatment of depression is documented on the date of the eligible encounter. Depression screening is required once per measurement period, not at all encounters; this is patient based and not an encounter based measure. The name of the age appropriate standardized depression screening tool utilized must be documented in the medical record. The depression screening must be reviewed and addressed in the office of the provider filing the code on the date of the encounter. Positive pre-screening results indicating a patient is at high risk for self-harm should receive more urgent intervention as determined by the provider practice. The screening should occur during a qualified encounter or 14 days prior to the date of the qualifying encounter.
Screening – Completion of a clinical or diagnostic tool used to identify people at risk of developing or having a certain disease or condition, even in the absence of symptoms.
Standardized Depression Screening Tool – A normalized and validated depression screening tool developed for the patient population in which it is being utilized. The name of the age appropriate standardized depression screening tool utilized must be documented in the medical record.
Examples of depression screening tools include but are not limited to:
Adolescent Screening Tools (12-17 years)
- Patient Health Questionnaire for Adolescents (PHQ-A), Beck Depression Inventory-Primary Care
- Version (BDI-PC), Mood Feeling Questionnaire (MFQ), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC-17), and PRIME MD-PHQ2
Adult Screening Tools (18 years and older)
- Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI or BDI-II), Center for
- Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), Depression Scale (DEPS), Duke Anxiety- Depression Scale (DADS), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Cornell Scale or Depression in
- Dementia (CSDD), PRIME MD-PHQ2, Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D), and Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology Self-Report (QID-SR)
- Computerized Adaptive Testing Depression Inventory (CAT-DI), and Computerized Adaptive Diagnostic Screener (CAD-MDD)
Perinatal Screening Tools
- Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, Postpartum Depression Screening Scale, Patient Health
- Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9), Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory–II, Center for
- Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, and Zung Self-rating Depression Scale
Follow-Up Plan – Documented follow-up for a positive depression screening must include one or more of the following:
- Additional evaluation for depression
- Suicide Risk Assessment
- Referral to a practitioner who is qualified to diagnose and treat depression
- Pharmacological interventions
- Other interventions or follow-up for the diagnosis or treatment of depression
Examples of a follow-up plan include but are not limited to:
* Additional evaluation or assessment for depression such as psychiatric interview, psychiatric evaluation, or assessment for bipolar disorder
* Completion of any Suicide Risk Assessment such as Beck Depression Inventory or Beck Hopelessness Scale
* Referral to a practitioner or program for further evaluation for depression, for example, referral to a psychiatrist, psychologist, social worker, mental health counselor, or other mental health service such as family or group therapy, support group, depression management program, or other service for treatment of depression
* Other interventions designed to treat depression such as psychotherapy, pharmacological interventions, or additional treatment options
* Pharmacologic treatment for depression is often indicated during pregnancy and/or lactation. Review and discussion of the risks of untreated versus treated depression is advised. Consideration of each patient’s prior disease and treatment history, along with the risk profiles for individual pharmacologic agents, is important when selecting pharmacologic therapy with the greatest likelihood of treatment effect.
Not Eligible for Depression Screening or Follow-Up Plan (Denominator Exclusion) –
- Patient has an active diagnosis of depression prior to any encounter during the measurement period - F01.51, F32.0, F32.1, F32.2, F32.3, F32.4, F32.5, F32.89, F32.9, F33.0, F33.1, F33.2, F33.3, F33.40, F33.41, F33.42, F33.8, F33.9, F34.1, F34.81, F34.89, F43.21, F43.23, F53, F53.1, O90.6, O99.340, O99.341, O99.342, O99.343, O99.345
- Patient has a diagnosed bipolar disorder prior to any encounter during the measurement period - F31.10, F31.11, F31.12, F31.13, F31.2, F31.30, F31.31, F31.32, F31.4, F31.5, F31.60, F31.61, F31.62, F31.63, F31.64, F31.70, F31.71, F31.72, F31.73, F31.74, F31.75, F31.76, F31.77, F31.78, F31.81, F31.89, F31.9
Patients with a Documented Reason for not Screening for Depression (Denominator Exception) – One or more of the following conditions are documented:
- Patient refuses to participate
- Patient is in an urgent or emergent situation where time is of the essence and to delay treatment would jeopardize the patient’s health status
- Situations where the patient’s functional capacity or motivation to improve may impact the accuracy of results of standardized depression assessment tools. For example: certain court appointed cases or cases of delirium
Numerator Options: The following codes can be entered in the HCPCS code section for the visit.
Screening for depression is documented as being positive AND a follow-up plan is documented (G8431)
Screening for depression is documented as negative, a follow-up plan is not required (G8510)
Screening for depression not completed, documented reason (G8433)
Performance Not Met:
Depression screening not documented, reason not given (G8432)
Performance Not Met:
Screening for depression documented as positive, followup plan not documented, reason not given (G8511)